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Mrs. Nicole Weron » Facts About School Counseling..

Facts About School Counseling..



COUNSELING is a confidential relationship which the counselor conducts with students individually and in small groups to help them resolve or cope constructively with their problems and developmental concerns.

LARGE GROUP GUIDANCE is a planned, developmental program of guidance activities designed to foster students' academic, career, and personal/social development. It is provided for all students through a collaborative effort by counselors and teachers.

CONSULTATION is a collaborative partnership in which the counselor works with parents, teachers, administrators, school psychologists, social workers, visiting teachers, medical professionals and community health personnel in order to plan and implement strategies to help students be successful in the education system.



Fiction: Counseling services are nice if the school can afford it, but not

Fact: Counseling services are a necessity in schools - not an extra that can be cut. The Institute of Medicine reports that "mental health and psychological services are essential to enabling many students to achieve academically, these (services) should be considered mainstream, not optional services".1


Fact: Counseling services are essential for students' academic success. Studies on the affects of small group counseling for failing elementary school students found that 83% of students showed improved grades.2

Fiction: If a student needs counseling services - they will get the help theyeed

Fact: Only 20% of youth with mental health disorders receive the help they need.3 The consequences of failing to provide treatment services to children with severe emotional disturbances are significant. Forty-eight percent of these students drop out of high school. In addition, students with severe emotional disturbances miss more days in school each year than students in any other disability category. Of those who drop out of school, 73% are arrested within 5 years of leaving school.4

Fiction: School counseling does not impact student learning or their ability to

Fact: School counseling increases student's ability to concentrate, study, and ultimately learn. Students who attend school with counseling programs earn higher grades. A study of the effects of counseling on classroom performance found that under-achieving students who receive counseling improved significantly on the Self-Rating Scales of Classroom Behavior and in math and language arts grades.5

Fiction: School counselors have NO impact on classroom management and

Fact: Counseling decreases classroom disturbances. Counseling services support teachers in the classroom in order to enable teachers to provide quality instruction designed to assist students in achieving high standards. Students in schools that provide counseling services indicated that their classes were less likely to be interrupted by other students, and that their peers behaved better in school.


4Fact: School counselors are trained professionals, licensed and certified by law and/or regulation in all 50 states and the District of Columbia.


Fact: School counselors provide mental, emotional, social, developmental and behavioral services to students. Counselors help students and families overcome personal problems, cope with disabilities, or seek additional services. Counselors provide a wide range of services in the schools.

Fiction: School counselors cannot help reduce school violence.

Fact: School counselors are trained to recognize "early warning signs" in at-risk youth. School counselors work with principals, teachers and other staff to develop and implement school safety, and to prevent school violence. Students who have counseling programs report being more positive, and having greater feelings of belonging and safety in their schools.


  1. Schools and Health, Institute of Medicine. National Academy Press. Washington D.C. 1997.
  2. Boutwell and Murick, 1992. as cited in Academic Achievement and Counselor Accountability. Otwell, Patricia S. and Mullins, Fran. Elementary School Guidance and Counseling, April 1997.
  3. Summary Sheet - Major Research Findings on Child and Adolescent Mental Health. Kimberly Hoagwood, Ph.D. National Institute of Mental Health. March 15, 1999.
  4. The Impact of More Fully Implemented Guidance Programs on the School Experience of High School Students; A Statewide Evaluation Study. Richard T. Gysbers, Norman C., and Sun Yongmin. Journal of Counseling and Development. March/April 1997.
  5. The Effects of Counseling on Classroom Performance. Gerter, Edwin R., Kinney, Judith, and Anderson, Ronald F. Humanistic Education and Development. June 1985.
Provided and authored by the American Counseling Association, Office of Public Policy and Legislation

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Monday- Sports Day!
Tuesday-Fantasy Day!
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